Haiti Fast Facts
1. The first state to abolish slavery was Haiti.
Haiti became the first country to abolish slavery on December 30, 1804. After Haiti joined the French Republic, French colonies in the Caribbean such as New Orleans and Buenos Aires also had free blacks. But, France decided to abolish slavery there on account of the British slave raid in 1797, and soon a plan was under discussion to abolish slavery in Cuba as well, but the revolution ended before it even started.
2. The second-largest city in the United States was on the island of Hispaniola.
Haiti’s second-largest city was Port-au-Prince, the capital of the Dominican Republic.
3. The island of Hispaniola was formed about 7,500 years ago.
The island was formed about 7,500 years ago, when the southern coast of South America was submerged under the Pacific Ocean. The island is only now beginning to break out of its isolation.
4. The island of Hispaniola has the longest coastline in the Western Hemisphere.
Haiti’s coast stretches for 6,230 miles, or 13,800 kilometers. The French explorer Jacques-Yves Cousteau used a measuring ruler to measure the coast of Hispaniola when he visited the island in the 1960s. He estimated the length of the coast to be 6,270 miles, or 13,750 kilometers.
5. The island of Hispaniola is a member of the Caribbean.
Haiti, Cuba, and Puerto Rico have often been claimed as a part of the Caribbean. The UN General Assembly decided by consensus that the Caribbean should be enlarged to include Haiti, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico.
6. The island of Hispaniola is rich in tropical fruits.
The island is rich in tropical fruits. The island’s produce is exported to the US and Europe.
7. The population on the island